What Is Figure Of Speech With Examples?

How many figures of speech are there in English?

Professor Robert DiYanni, in his book Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, Drama and the Essay wrote: “Rhetoricians have catalogued more than 250 different figures of speech, expressions or ways of using words in a nonliteral sense.”.

What is metaphor in figure of speech?

A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes an object or action in a way that isn’t literally true, but helps explain an idea or make a comparison. … A metaphor states that one thing is another thing. It equates those two things not because they actually are the same, but for the sake of comparison or symbolism.

What is euphemism in figure of speech?

A euphemism is a polite expression used in place of words or phrases that might otherwise be considered harsh or unpleasant. These phrases are used regularly, and there are many examples of euphemisms in everyday language.

What are the 10 figure of speech?

In European languages, figures of speech are generally classified in five major categories: (1) figures of resemblance or relationship (e.g., simile, metaphor, kenning, conceit, parallelism, personification, metonymy, synecdoche, and euphemism); (2) figures of emphasis or understatement (e.g., hyperbole, litotes, …

What is the importance of using figures of speech in writing?

A figure of speech is a use of a word that diverges from its normal meaning, or a phrase with a specialized meaning not based on the literal meaning of the words in it such as a metaphor, simile, or personification. Figures of speech often provide emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity.

What are the common figures of speech?

Below are the most common figures of speech, along with their definitions, examples, and tips for using them.Simile. … Metaphor. … Pun. … Personification. … Hyperbole. … Understatement. … Paradox. … Oxymoron.More items…

How do you identify figures of speech?

A figure of speech is a word or phrase that possesses a separate meaning from its literal definition. It can be a metaphor or simile, designed to make a comparison. It can be the repetition of alliteration or the exaggeration of hyperbole to provide a dramatic effect.

What are the 6 types of figurative language and their definitions?

Figurative language refers to the color we use to amplify our writing. … Although it’s often debated how many types of figurative language there are, it’s safe to say there are at least five main categories. They are: metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole, and symbolism.

What figure of speech is sarcasm?

Sarcasm is a figure of speech or speech comment which is extremely difficult to define. It is a statement or comment which means the opposite of what it says. It may be made with the intent of humour, or it may be made to be hurtful. The basic meaning is to be hostile under the cover of friendliness.

What is the difference between figurative language and figures of speech?

Figurative language refers to language that contains figures of speech, while figures of speech are the particular techniques. If figurative speech is like a dance routine, figures of speech are like the various moves that make up the routine.

What are the 4 types of figure of speech?

In this lesson we look at four common types of figure of speech:Simile. A figure of speech that says that one thing is like another different thing.Metaphor. A figure of speech that says that one thing is another different thing.Hyperbole. … Oxymoron.

What are the 16 types of figure of speech?

Types of Figures of SpeechSimile.Metaphor.Personification.Paradox.Understatement.Metonymy.Apostrophe.Hyperbole.More items…

How many parts of speech are there?

eight partsThere are eight parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. The part of speech indicates how the word functions in meaning as well as grammatically within the sentence.

What is a personification example?

Personification means: “Giving an object or animal human characteristics to create interesting imagery.” An example of personification would be in the nursery rhyme “Hey Diddle Diddle” where “the little dog laughed to see such fun.” … “Making an object or animal act and look like they are human.”

What are the 23 figures of speech?

23 Common Figures of Speech (Types and Examples)SIMILE. In simile two unlike things are explicitly compared. … METAPHOR. It is an informal or implied simile in which words like, as, so are omitted. … PERSONIFICATION. … METONYMY. … APOSTROPHE. … HYPERBOLE. … SYNECDOCHE. … TRANSFERRED EPITHETS.More items…

What are the 12 figures of speech?

Figures of SpeechAlliteration. The repetition of an initial consonant sound. … Allusion. The act of alluding is to make indirect reference. … Anaphora. The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses. … Antaclasis. … Anticlimax. … Antiphrasis. … Antithesis. … Apostrophe.More items…

What are the 5 types of figure of speech?

Five important types of figures of speech include hyperbole, symbols, simile, personification and metaphor.Hyperbole. Hyperbole is used to overstate or emphasize a concept. … Symbol. … Simile. … Personification. … Metaphor.

What are the 8 kinds of figure of speech?

Terms in this set (8)Simile and example. Comparison between 2 unlike things using “like” or “as”, “She was acting LIKE a pig.”Metaphor and example. … Onomatopoeia and example. … Personification and example. … Alliteration and example. … Synecdoche and example. … Submerged metaphor and example. … Hyperbole and example.

What are the 20 figures of speech?

Terms in this set (20)Alliteration. The repetition of an initial consonant sound.Anaphora. The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses. … Antithesis. The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.Chiasmus. … Euphemism. … Hyperbole. … Irony. … Litotes.More items…